Types of Cement and their Uses (12 Types)

Cement is a basic material which can’t be ignored at any situations.

Even if it is plumbing or electrical works some sort of cement action will be required there. In this post, we are going to explain you about some special types of cement available in the market.

Types of cement

Cement is a binding material used to bind different type of construction materials together. It is formed from argillaceous, siliceous, calcareous etc.

By twisting this internal mix ratio and by altering the chemical inputs, special types of cement can be produced according to the needs.

Apart from the general types that we are using in day to day activity, there are some special cement types available in the market. The below table will explain that in brief.

For a better view, Please read this post in landscape view if you are on mobile device 🙂

Rapid Hardening Portland CementRHPC manufactured by combining lime stone (finely grounded) and shale at high temperatureThis type of cement is used where high strength is need to be achieved in initial stage quickly.1. Road Pavement Works
2. Precast concrete casting
(Beams, Colums etc)
Sulphate Resisting CementSRC is manufactured with less than 5% calcium aluminate to withstand Sulphate attacksThis type of cement is used where the concrete is direct contact with soil (which has high sulphate content)1. Pile foundation
2. In Coastal area Works
3. Sewage and water treatment plants
Low Heat CementThis type cement is produced by lowereing the amount of tri-calcium aluminate (C3A) & di-calcium silicate (C2S)This type of cement is used in mass constructions (like dams) and in high wear resistance required area1. Mass Construction
(Dams, Marine constructions)
2. Hydraulic Engineering Concrete
3. Retaining wall construction
Quick Setting CementThis type of cement is manufactured by reducing the amount of gypsum and adding small amount of aluminium sulphate to accelerate setting time of cement As the name suggests, it is used where the works needs to be done quickly1. In Underwater Constructions
2. In Cold and Rainy weather Conditions
Portland Pozzolana CementPPC is manufactured by adding pozzolanic materials such as fly ash, shales, clays etcIt gains high compressive strength with age unlike rapid hardening cement. It is cheap and affordable1. It is cheap and affordable
2. Mainly used in building construction where strength required with age
3. Water tightness
High Alumina CementHAC or CAC is produced from lime stone/Chalk and BauxiteThis cement is used in construction of refineries, factory or other workshop type structure because HAC is counter to high temperatureUsed in Sewage structures and in acidic structures
Coloured CementColoured cement is manufactured by mixing colour pigments (5-10 % ) with OPCAs the name suggests, It is used where coloured cements required for any aesthetic purpose1. Artificial Marble
2. Floor finishing
White Ordinary Portland CementWOPC is same as the Ordinary Portland Cement except the colorWOPC used in white washing purpose for aesthetic purpose1. Used as a base coat before painting
2. Used to cover the hairline cracks on concrete surface to give smooth finish
Air Entraining CementAEC produced by mixing small amount of air entraining agentIt is used to fillup the gap in concrete which are produced by excessive amount of water during casting (later evaporated and leave the gap)Used in frost resistance concrete (like said, frost also makes gap in concrete like water)
Hydrophobic CementThis type of cement is manufactured by mixing admixtures like petrolatum, napthalene soap which forms layer and act as water repellentIt is useful in wet climatic conditionsUseful when cement is stored for longer duration in wet climatic conditions
Ordinary Portland CementOPC is manufactured by mixing limestone/chalk with shale/clay to form clinker which is then finely crushed to form grey color cementCommonly used for all type of construction worksWidely used in residential construction where special type of cement properties is not required
Expansive CementExpansive Cement is formed from the reaction of tri calcium aluminate (C3A) with Calcium Sulphate (C2SO4)As the name suggests, it expands and increases in volume while settled. Used to avoid the shrinkage of concrete1. Used in repair works
(to create a bond with old concrete surface)
2. Used in Hydraulic Structures

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