30+ Construction Tools List with Images and their Uses

This post (building construction tools list) is written with the intention to make it as a go-to option for all of us.

Sometimes we know the tool but don’t know the name of them in English. We hope we all face this at least once in our life. The below list is a collective effort.

How to Calculate Rectangular Water Tank Size & Capacity in liters?

For a high rise building, we will receive approved drawings from architect office regarding water tank dimension.

But what if you need to calculate a water tank for a small residential.

In this post, we are going to see how to estimate rectangular water tank capacity & size?

Specific Gravity of Cement – Detailed Explanation

How many of you know about specific gravity of cement?

We hope almost all of us would remember the value as 3.15 (actually 3.12-3.19).  But most of us do not know why we are calculating this value?

Why don’t We Exclude Steel Volume in Concrete Calculation? – Quick Tips

Welcome to our Quick Tip series post,

There are some unanswered questions which may be answered within a minute or within 2-3 sentences. Nobody specifically wants us to know or no one asks us in the interview.

What is Water Cement Ratio? – Guide & Calculation

Have you been told “Add some water, the concrete looks very hard”?

Is this right? Adding more water (Water Cement Ratio) at the site level to increase the concrete workability ???

Absolutely Not…

How To Calculate Number Of Bricks, Cement And Sand For Brickwork? – With Calculator

Most of the structural buildings comprise 75% of brickwork (at least in Asian countries).

So it is essential to learn the brickwork calculation,

Before beginning the calculation, be familiar with the types of brick bonds that we covered in the previous post.

Grades of Concrete with Proportion (Mix Ratio)

We use different grades of concrete for different parts of the building.

We could say the grade of concrete is the only thing we do care lot while concreting.

In this post, we are going to explain that in detail.

How to Calculate Cement, Sand Quantity for Plastering?

In this post, we are going to explain you, How to Calculate Cement, Sand Quantity for Plastering?

Please note, before using the calculator embedded in this post understand the plastering cement mortar calculation concept.

Compressive Strength of Concrete Cubes – Lab Test & Procedure

Overall Strength of a structure such as flexural resistance and abrasion directly depends upon the compressive strength of concrete.

According to Wikipedia, Compressive Strength of concrete is defined as the Characteristic strength of 150mm size concrete cubes tested at 28 days.

How to Calculate Cement, Sand and Coarse Aggregate Quantity in Concrete?

We have already discussed Nominal Mix of Concrete and Mix Proportions.

It’s time for some calculations.

How to Calculate Steel Quantity for Slab? – Reinforcement Calculation

In this post, we are going to explain how to calculate steel quantity for the slab? For both one way and two way slab with an example.

What is Skirting Tiles & its Purpose?

We often confuse, can we use 75mm (3 inches) or 100mm (4 inches) for skirting tiles?

That 25 mm doesn’t make much difference if you know the reason of providing skirting tiles.

What is Skirting Tiles & its Purpose?

Skirting tiles are the tiles that laid in the corner of a wall and floor junction.

How to Check Brick Quality in Field ?- Detailed Explanation

We all know that the quality of brickwork directly depends upon the materials we used.

We have also seen how low-quality soil affects the quality of the work in silt content test

Types of Cement and their Uses (12 Types)

Cement is a basic material which can’t be ignored at any situations.

Even if it is plumbing or electrical works some sort of cement action will be required there. In this post, we are going to explain you about some special types of cement available in the market.

How to Check Plastering Work Quality (Checklist)

Plastering is a process of covering the walls and ceiling with a smooth finish by any type of plaster materials (Cement, POP etc).

The below plastering work checklist and procedure will be useful for any type plastering work.

What is FSI (Floor Space Index)?

FSI stands for Floor Space Index also known as Floor Area Ratio (FAR).

FSI means the ratio between the area of a covered floor (Built up Area) to the area of that plot (land) on which a building stands.

How to Calculate the Weight of a Steel Bar? – With Example Calculation

Do you think it’s that simple formula (D2 / 162.2) for steel weight calculation of a bar?

Nope…

It’s hard to find the exact weight of steel bars according to its area, it is advisable to refer the manufacturer’s chart to calculate the weight of the steel bar.

If you can’t find the details, then the below steel bar weight calculation formulas are useful for site level execution.

Tile Flooring Cost Estimation

In the previous post,

we have learned how to calculate tiles needed for a floor?

Go ahead and read that post in case if you missed it.

In this post, we are going to calculate total tile flooring cost estimation.

Silt Content Test for Sand (Fine Aggregate)

Sand plays the vital role in every part of the construction (concrete, plastering, brickwork, flooring).

So it is essential to ensure that we are using good quality of sand.

How to Calculate Septic Tank Size?

You may wonder, What should be the required size of Septic Tank for a domestic or commercial building? We already explained how to calculate the Water Tank Size.

In this post, we are going to see, how to calculate the size of Septic Tank?.

Bulking of Sand Test – Experiment Procedure and Importance

Another Experiment on Sand. Why sand?

The main purpose of adding sand in concrete is to minimise the segregation of concrete and to fill out the pores between the cement and coarse aggregate.

How to Calculate Number of Riser and Treads of Staircase?

Today we are going to calculate the number of riser and treads for a staircase.

This looks like a simple calculation but believe us there is more demolition than perfect construction of staircase. Even though we do the perfect calculation of rise and tread the way of implementation is most important one.

Difference between Control Joint, Construction Joint and Expansion joint

You have probably heard these terms often and wonder what these really mean? Right.

Today we are going to see the difference between Control, Construction, and Expansion Joints.

We know that concrete is strong in compression and weak in tension that’s why we use reinforcement for high tensile strength. The added content of the concrete makes it incredible in strength.

How to Calculate Cutting Length of Stirrups in Column? – Different Shapes

According to the need for stress and load actions,  we need different types and shapes of columns consisting n number of bars.

In this post, we are going to see “How to calculate cutting length of Stirrups in Column?” for different shapes

Soundness Test of Cement – by Le-Chatelier Method

Cement – Irreplaceable material in any construction (as of now). It is essential to check its quality before using. we have already seen “how specific gravity of cement affects the strength?

In this post, we are going to see another lab experiment which determines the soundness of cement.

How to Make Bar Bending Schedule for Pile Reinforcement – [BBS for Pile]

In this post, we are going to see “ Bar Bending Schedule for Pile Foundation”.

Hope you have read other Bar Bending Schedule Posts.

So Let’s get started.

Bar Bending Schedule for Column – Detailed Practical Guide

In this post, we are going to explain “How to make bar bending schedule for Column?”

First of all, there are some criteria & assumptions that need to be met while making bar bending schedule for a column. Let’s get started.

Bar Bending Schedule for Beam [BBS for Beam]

In this post, we are going to see How to prepare bar bending schedule for Beam alias BBS for Beam.

Note – There is no one single version which is an absolute right. so please use the below calculations as a guide.

How to Calculate the Land Area? At site – Geometric Method

In this post, we are going to see how to measure a piece of land at the site using the geometric method.

As you know land measurement is the basic and first thing when comes to any construction. Making minor mistake will lead to heavy loss of our budget. At big sites, there may be someone who will take this hard part.

Bar Bending Shape Codes

Shape codes are the building stones of a perfect bar bending schedule.

When calculating the reinforcement detailing for different members for a building, taking account of small bent ups and other angle detailing will make the difference of effective and economic BBS.

How to Calculate Cutting Length in Bar Bending Schedule?

Here we go.

In this post, we are going to explain “How to Calculate the Cutting length of Steel Reinforcement?” with reference calculation.

Note: For Better View, Please read this post in landscape mode if you are on the mobile device.

Why Crank Rod is Provided in the Slab?

You may notice difference shape of bent up bars and cranks are provided in the slab and other structural members.

Do you know the reason? Let us explain.

Difference between Main Bars and Distribution Bars in Slab

When we look at any reinforcement detailing, we able to see there may be two sizes of bars used in the slab.

We know that is main reinforcement bar and distribution reinforcement bar. But wait there is more than just the name.

Difference between One way slab and Two way slab

We all know that (L/B) ratio to find the given slab is one way slab or two way slab.

It’s not that critical to find that. Just understanding the basics will do the magic.

What is the difference between footing and foundation?

We have already discussed types of foundation and their basics. Now it’s time for the very very basic question that we all have in mind what is really footing and foundation?

Types of Foundation – Comprehensive Guide with Detailed Drawings

Foundation is the most important element of any construction but least understand mechanism.

Making minor mistakes causes the whole structure collapse. But the reality is very simple if you read this guide.

How to Calculate Circular Slab Reinforcement?

Let say you need to calculate the reinforcement for a circular slab of 2 Metre diameter with spacing 200 mm c/c and clear cover as 25 mm.

Unlike other RCC members, this one is different since the rod length will differ according to the diameter of the circle.

Painting Process for Walls [ Interior, Exterior ], Wood and Metal Surface

Though the painting process is very straightforward, it may be confusing by the number of coats and by the types of paints used for different purposes.

In this post, we are going to cover painting process for

Difference between Formwork, Shuttering, Centering and Staging.

You may interchangeably use these words without knowing the difference between these terms.

Concrete Slump Test – Experiment Procedure

The strength of any building mainly depends on the quality of the materials used.

Concrete is a macro content. Even though we have tested its micro contents such as sand, cement, blue metal, and water. The mixing method and proportioning of the micro-ingredients may affect the strength of the concrete.

Difference between Lap Length and Development Length (Anchorage)

The main purpose of providing reinforcement bars is to transfer the load from member to member. It may be either to another rebar or to concrete.

In Order to successfully transfer the load from one member to another, reinforcement bars need to be firmly tied at both ends so that it can’t be slipped away.

Purpose of Unit Weight of Materials

Every estimation is not going to be the same.

Sometimes we will get a material calculation completely different from their original unit. Like getting cement quantity in m3. But we will buy cement in kgs from the market.

What do you mean Honeycomb in Concrete?

Have you seen anything like the below on your site.?

This is called as Honeycomb in Concrete. The surface looks very rough with voids and gaps between concrete and the reinforcement. It resembles like the honeycomb.

IS Codes List – Indian Standards in Civil Engineering

This list is a collective effort. If you found any error on Links, please Let us know to fix it.

How to Choose Right Size Air Conditioner for a Room?

No, we are not HVAC Engineer.

But if someone asks us to recommend how much tonne AC is required for their room? What do we do?

As a Civil Engineer, we need to know each and every component that makes a complete home.

How do Columns fail?

You know that columns are used to transfer the load vertically to the horizontal beam.

Every material used in the building experience both compression and tension stress that’s how we designed the modern buildings.

What is Nominal Mix and Design Mix ? and their Difference

We hope you all know that Nominal Mix is site level mixing and Design mix are designed from RMC plant.

You are right… But there are more than that.

14 Types of Brick Bonds – Easy to Remember

Are you confused about different types of brick bonds and hard to identify? Not anymore.

The reason for the confusion is, we all assume that every brick bonds are distinguished from others.

But the reality is, there are only 3 basic bonds.

How do you Calculate the Number of Floor Tiles you Need?

Normally, We calculate the tile flooring area in order to find the required number of the tiles for a given room. Assuming that situation, we have explained this post with an example.

How to properly use a tape for effective measurement?

We use this tool every day for measurement.

But we bet you actually don’t know the full capacity or hidden features of a measuring tape.

Why do We Need Sand Filling in Footing?

Every time we start a foundation work, we will fill “X” inches of sand (specifically river sand) and then “X” inches of PCC bed under every footing.

The purpose of this may differ due to the soil condition and the need. sometimes we skip this (rarely).

Trapezoidal Footing Formula – Detailed Explanation with Figure

Calculating the concrete volume of an isolated footing seems like hectic.

We have explained the process (with diagram) step by step using this simple trapezoidal footing formula. Also embedded an easy to use trapezoidal volume calculator.

What is 1 BHK, 2 BHK & 3 BHK (0.5 BHK) in a Flat layout?

BHK is a flat notation used to identify or describe the layout of a flat.

In India, it is common misconception theory. Sometimes it seems like little confusing.

Let us explain these in detail.

Difference between Carpet area, Built up area and Super Built up Area

Are you wondering what’s the difference between all these terms? and what does it really mean?.

This post will explain you all these jargons.

How to Measure Painting Area for Irregular Shapes?

Unlike other units of measurement, this one is a bit complicated.

For other types of civil works, we have some rules which are simple to follow. For painting, we have to calculate the surface area in coefficient method (IS 2015 – 1987)

Brick Masonry Construction Procedure

In this post, we are going to explain

• Brick masonry construction (brickwork) procedure
• Brickwork Specifications
• Quality Assurance Checks and also care to be taken during & after construction

Basic Surface Area and Circumference Formulas

This may be funny or weird if you are new to the field. Even experienced guys also sometimes surf the internet to find these basic formulas.

You don’t need to memorize, the more you use this formula in day to day work the more it will be automatically stored in your mind.

Safety Helmet Colour Code in Construction – Hard Hats

We use this almost every day. Also, constantly yelled at the workers to wear the helmet.
Are we aware enough of the safety helmet standards?

30+ Civil Work Measurements – Grand Table

Measurement is the single most important thing we should learn first at civil construction.

Especially If you are new to the field. Here is the list of measurements used for different types of works.